Learn German in Germany's major cities: Bamberg
am Main | Freiburg
im Breisgau | Hamburg
With more than 120 million people speaking the German
language in more than 8 countries of the world, it is
hardly surprising that the actual usage of German language
What is Standard German?
Standard German is the "pure, dialect-free pronunciation
of German" (Brockhaus).
The development of Standard German:
Standard German did not develop out of one regional
dialect but was artificially created by poets, philosophers
and scholars. In the 16th century Martin Luther translated
the The Holy Bible into a German language
as devoid as possible of regional features by consciously
merging dialects. He wanted as many people as possible to
understand the text of the German Bible. The 18th century
with Goethe and Schiller at their zenith brought about a further
standardization of the German langage.
Which German is spoken in Austria?
The language spoken in Austria is German.
It is a correct and pure form of German that is melodious
and pleasant to the ear.
German as used in Austria strongly resembles
the German as used in Southern Germany. The
differences are often exaggerated and are considerably less
than the linguistic divergence of Germany's North.
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Map of German usage:
Low German (Northern Germany): This
region did not take part in the second sound shift. It strongly
derivates from the German as used below the Benrath line (marked
Middle German (Central Germany) and High German (Southern
Germany, Bavaria and Austria) strongly resemble each other
and have been the foundation of standard German. Switzerland's
vernacular is Swiss German (Switzertütsch) and derivates
strongly from standard German.